Bladder Cancer is cancer affecting the urinary bladder. Bladder cancer is a fairly common form of cancer and men are affected two to three times more than women.
To diagnose bladder cancer, a personal and family medical history is taken and a thorough physical examination is conducted at Dr. Raja`s Urology And Andrology Centre. Often, the doctor at this center orders an Ultrasonograpy or x-ray called an IntraVenous Urogram (IVU). A biopsy is needed to make a definite diagnosis of bladder cancer. Thereafter, the treatment is carried on, which depends basically on the factors like how quickly the cancer is growing?, the number, size, and location of the tumors, whether the cancer has spread to other organs, on the patient`s age and general health. Before treatment begins, it is important to know exactly where the cancer is located and whether it has spread from its original location. Staging procedures include a complete physical exam and additional blood tests and scans such as CT scan, Ultrasound or MRI.
Early (superficial) bladder cancer in which, the tumors are found superficially in the bladder wall, generally are treated using the cystoscope in a procedure called transurethral resection of the bladder tumour (TUR-BT). The entire tumour can be removed cystoscopically. When several tumors are present in the bladder or when there is a risk that the cancer will recur, TURBT may be followed by treatment with drugs. The doctors at Dr. Raja`s Centre may put a solution containing the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), a form of biological therapy, directly into the bladder. Chemotherapy (anticancer drugs) may also be inserted directly into the bladder. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) may also be needed when the cancer cannot be removed with TUR, because it involves a larger area of the bladder. When the cancer involves much of the surface of the bladder or has grown into the bladder wall infiltrating into the bladder muscles, standard treatment is to remove the entire bladder. This surgery is called a Radical Cystectomy. In this operation, the surgeon removes the bladder as well as nearby organs. When cancer involves the pelvis or has spread to other parts of the body, chemotherapy may be required. Besides this treatment, Dr. Raja Urology and Andrology Centre is also into treating Prostate Cancer, Penis Cancer, Infertility, Kidney Transplant and many more.