Kidney Cancer affects men about twice as often as women. The most common symptom of kidney cancer is blood in the urine. In some cases, a person can actually see the blood. Another symptom of kidney cancer is a lump or mass that can be felt in the kidney area. The tumor may cause a dull ache or pain in the back or side. To diagnose kidney cancer, the patient`s personal and family medical history is taken and a thorough physical examination is conducted. In addition to checking temperature, pulse, blood pressure, and other general signs of health, the doctors at Dr. Raja`s Centre usually orders blood and urine tests and one or more of the below mentioned exams like Ultrasound, Intravenous Pyelogram, CT or CAT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Arteriogram, Nephrotomogram, etc.
If these tests suggest that a tumor is present, it is important to know the extent, or stage, of the disease. Because kidney cancer can spread to the bones, lungs, liver, or brain, staging procedures may include special x-rays and tests to check these organs. Treatment for kidney cancer depends on the location and size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread to other organs. Kidney cancer is treated with surgery, embolization, or hormone therapy, biological therapy, or chemotherapy, which are forms of systemic therapy and rarely Radiation therapy. Most kidney cancer patients have surgery, an operation called Radical nephrectomy. In some cases, the surgeon at this centre removes the whole kidney or just the part of the kidney that contains the tumor. More often, the surgeon removes the whole kidney along with the adrenal gland and the fat around the kidney. Also, nearby lymph nodes may be removed because they are one of the first places where kidney cancer spreads. Finding cancer cells in the lymph nodes means there may be cancer elsewhere in the body.
Radical Nephrectomy is major surgery. For a few days after the operation, most patients need medicine to relieve pain. Discomfort may make it difficult to breathe deeply, and patients have to do special coughing and breathing exercises to keep their lungs clear. Patients may also need IV (intravenous) feedings and fluids for several days before and after the operation. Nurses will keep track of the amount of fluid the patient takes in and the amount of urine produced while the remaining kidney takes over the work of the one that was removed.