Prostate Cancer occurs when cells within the prostate grow uncontrollably, creating small tumors. Most cells in the body are constantly dividing, maturing, and then dying in a tightly controlled process. Unlike normal cells, the growth of cancer cells is no longer well regulated. Instead of dying, as they should, cancers cells outlive normal cells and continue to form new, abnormal cells. Prostate cancer typically is comprised of multiple very small, primary tumors within the prostate. At this stage, the disease is often curable (rates of 90% or better) with standard interventions such as surgery or radiation that aim to remove or kill all cancerous cells in the prostate.
Screening for prostate cancer can be performed quickly and easily in a physician’s office using two simple tests: The Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test, and the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE). Various treatment options are employed such as Surgery, Radiation therapy, Hormonal therapy, Chemotherapy.
The first treatment is the surgical removal of the prostate gland. The idea is to remove the cancerous growth of the prostate by removing the entire prostate gland. The second one, Radiation therapy helps to shrink the tumor by Directing radiation from outside the body directly on the tumor within prostate and by implanting tiny radioactive seeds directly into prostate. There are many other treatments offered by the centre so that patients are at their satisfaction.